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CEDS Data Model - Domains and Entities

Early Learning (EL)

Early Learning (EL) is the CEDS domain on the stage in human development from birth through the early school years (often defined as birth to age 8), during which significant social, emotional, cognitive, language, psychological, and physical development occurs.



Entity Description
EL Organization An institution that provides early learning services. This can be a grantee with delegates at various locations, possibly in one or more buildings; it has an assigned administrator(s).
EL Child A person for whom instruction, services, and/or care are provided in an early childhood program under the jurisdiction of a school, education agency, or other institution or program.
Parent/Guardian A person having parental or legal guardianship responsibility for a learner.
EL Family All persons (i) living in the same household who are (a) supported by the income of the parent(s) or guardian(s) of the child enrolling or participating in the program, or (b) related to the child by blood, marriage, or adoption; or (ii) related to the child enrolling or participating in the program as parents or siblings by blood, marriage, or adoption.
EL Staff A person who performs specified activities for a public or private education institution, agency, or household that provides instructional and/or support services to students or staff at the early childhood level.
EL Class/Group A cohort of children receiving services together, or in some cases individually, usually for a predetermined amount of time, with at least one assigned primary teacher.
Early Learning Program An entity with information about a system of services, opportunities, or projects, designed to meet academic or non-academic needs. (A Program entity may be related to an organization as the service provider and to people as program staff, participants, and recipients of program services. CEDS broadly defines Program for information about program types such as work-study programs or athletic programs that are not specifically defined. CEDS also has more specific program entities such as PS Institution Program and CTE Program.)

Elementary and Secondary (K12)

Elementary and Secondary (K12) is the CEDS domain on the formal instructional program whose curriculum is designed primarily for students who have entered kindergarten through those who have exited high school.



Entity Description
K12 School An institution that provides educational services, has one or more grade groups (PreK through 12), has one or more teachers, is located in one or more buildings, and has an assigned administrator(s).
Local Education Agency (LEA) Local educational agency, or LEA, means a public board of education or other public authority legally constituted within a state for either administrative control or direction of, or to perform a service function for, public elementary schools or secondary schools in a city, county, township, school district, or other political subdivision of a state, or for a combination of school districts or counties as are recognized in a state as an administrative agency for its public elementary schools or secondary schools.
State Education Agency (SEA) The SEA is the state-level entity primarily responsible for the supervision of the state's public elementary and secondary schools.
K12 Student A person for whom instruction, services, and/or care are provided in an elementary or secondary educational program under the jurisdiction of a school, education agency, or other institution or program.
Parent/Guardian A person having parental or legal guardianship responsibility for a learner.
K12 Staff An individual who performs specified activities for any public or private education institution, agency, or household that provides instructional and/or support services to students or staff at the early childhood level through high school completion.
K12 Course The organization of subject matter and related learning experiences provided for the instruction of students on a regular or systematic basis, usually for a predetermined period of time (e.g., a semester or a two-week workshop) to an individual or group of students (e.g., a class).
Course Section A setting in which organized instruction of course content is provided to one or more students for a given period of time. (A K12 Course may be offered to more than one Course Section. Instruction may be delivered in person by one or more instructors or via a different medium. Sections that share space should be considered as separate Course Sections if they function as separate units for more than 50 percent of the time.)
Organization An organization, institution, agency, or business referenced to by schools, social services, or other education agencies.
Program A system of services, opportunities, or projects designed to meet academic or non-academic needs. (A Program entity may be related to an organization as the service provider, and to people as program staff, participants, or recipients of program services. CEDS broadly defines Program for information about program types, such as work-study programs or athletic programs, that are not specifically defined. CEDS also has more specific program entities, including PS Institution Program and CTE Program.)
Incident An infraction ranging from a minor problem behavior that disrupts the orderly functioning of a school or classroom (such as tardiness) to a criminal act that results in the involvement of a law enforcement official (such as robbery). A single event (e.g., a fight) is one incident regardless of how many perpetrators or victims are involved.
Calendar A set of dates associated with an organization.

Postsecondary (PS)

Postsecondary (PS) is the CEDS domain on the formal instructional program whose curriculum is designed primarily for students who are beyond the compulsory age for high school. This includes programs whose purpose is academic, vocational, and continuing professional education, and excludes avocational and adult basic education programs. (See also the Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System [IPEDS]).



Entity Description
PS Institution An organization that provides educational programs for individuals who have completed or otherwise left educational programs in secondary school(s).
PS Student An individual who is a prospect, applicant, admitted student, enrolled student, or alum of a postsecondary institution.
PS Section A postsecondary instructional course in a particular field of study that typically involves a prescribed number of instruction periods or meetings for enrolled students.
PS Staff A person who performs specified activities for any public or private education institution, agency, or household that provides instructional and/or support services to students or staff at the postsecondary level.
PS Applicant An individual who is an applicant of a postsecondary institution.
Parent/Guardian A person having parental or legal guardianship responsibility for a learner.
Learning Resource The CEDS entity that includes information about materials that support teaching and learning.
Organization An organization, institution, agency or business referenced to by schools, social services, or other education agencies.

Career and Technical Education (CTE)

Career and Technical Education (CTE) is the CEDS domain on career and technical education programs, as defined by Perkins IV, and information about the students served by these programs.



Entity Description
CTE Student A person for whom instruction, services, and/or care are provided in a Career and Technical Education program and who has met the state-defined threshold of Career and Technical Education participation, as defined in the state's approved Perkins IV State Plan.
CTE Staff An individual who performs specified activities for any public or private education institution, agency, or household that provides instructional and/or support services to students or staff in a Career and Technical Education program.
Program A system of services, opportunities, or projects designed to meet academic or non-academic needs. (A Program entity may be related to an organization as the service provider and to people as program staff, participants, and recipients of program services. CEDS broadly defines Program for information about program types, such as work-study programs and athletic programs, that are not specifically defined. CEDS also has more specific program entities such as the CTE Program.)
Course The organization of subject matter and related learning experiences provided for the instruction of students on a regular or systematic basis, usually for a predetermined period of time (e.g., a semester or a two-week workshop) to an individual or group of students (e.g., a class).
Course Section A setting in which organized instruction of the course content is provided to one or more students for a given period of time. (A Course may be offered to more than one Course Section. Instruction may be delivered in person by one or more instructors or via a different medium. Sections that share space should be considered as separ te Course Sections if they function as separate units for more than 50 percent of the time.)

Adult Education (AE)

Adult Education (AE) is the CEDS domain on programs that help adults get the basic skills they need to be productive workers, family members, and citizens. It includes information about the adults served by these programs.



Entity Description
AE Student A person for whom instruction and/or services are provided in an Adult Education program.
AE Staff A person who is employed by an Adult Education program.
AE Provider A program that helps adults get the basic skills they need to be productive workers, family members, and citizens.
Program A system of services, opportunities, or projects, designed to meet academic or non-academic needs. (A Program entity may be related to an organization as the service provider and to people as program staff, participants, or recipients of program services. CEDS broadly defines Program for information about program types, such as work-study programs and athletic programs, that are not specifically defined. CEDS also has more specific program entities such as the CTE Program.)
Course Section A setting in which the organized instruction of course content is provided to one or more students for a given period of time. (A Course may be offered to more than one Course Section. Instruction may be delivered in person by one or more instructors or via a different medium. Sections that share space should be considered as separate Course Sections if they function as separate units for more than 50 percent of the time.)

Workforce

Workforce (WF) is the CEDS domain on people’s participation in workforce and employment development programs, as well as on employment and earnings data that are matched between education and workforce data sources.



Entity Description
Workforce Program Participant A person for whom instruction and/or services are provided in a workforce and/or an employment development program.
Quarterly Employment Record Person-level employment and earnings information from quarterly employment and earnings-related data from sources such as State UI Wage Records, the Wage Record Interchange System, or the Federal Employment Data Exchange System (FEDES).

Assessments

Assessments is the CEDS domain that includes entities and elements to support the design, administration, and scoring or evaluating the results of assessments used to measure one or more persons’ mastery of one or more learning objectives.


Entity Description
Assessment An instrument used to evaluate a person with at least one form, section, and Assessment Item. (A summative assessment typically addresses a particular level, subject, and date range. A person's individual responses during the summative assessment administration are evaluated, and then the results are scored using one or more Assessment Subtest Scoring Rules.)
Assessment Form An instance of an a sessment that can equate scores with another instance of that same assessment.
Assessment Session An entity with information related to an instance of delivering an assessment during a specific period of time.
Assessment Item A specific prompt that defines a question or protocol for a measurable activity that triggers a response from a person used to determine whether the person has mastered a learning objective.
Assessment Asset An entity that represents content used to compose an Assessment Item, is referenced by an item but not part of the item content itself, or is content that is included as part of a section within an assessment form. Assets can be static content such as artwork or dynamic assets such as calculators or other tools.
Assessment Subtest An entity that defines information for scoring an Assessment Form based on a set of Assessment Item responses with explicit rules to produce an Assessment Subtest Result, which may be for the entire Assessment Form or one aspect of evaluation based on a subset of Assessment Items.
Assessment Result An entity that includes information about a person’s results from an assessment, which may be for the entire assessment or one aspect of evaluation. The entity includes the score value and information about the score, such as a diagnostic statement. Note that information for interpreting an assessment result is available in the related Assessment Subtest information. This includes the minimum, maximum, and optimal values for the measurement. The Subtest may in turn be associated with one or more content standards using the Learning Standard Item Association entity.
Assessment Registration An entity with information related to a specific person registered for an Assessment Administration, assigned a specific Assessment Form for participation in one or more Assessment Sessions.
Assessment Administration Information related to an assessment event or administration period. It includes information rela ed to the time period of administration and the place(s) of administration.
Assessment Personal Needs Profile An entity that includes information about the personal needs and preferences for assessment participants, based on the IMS Global (R) Accessible Portable Item Protocol.
Assessment Participant Session An entity that includes information about a specific person’s participation in an Assessment Session.
Goal An entity that includes information about a goal set for a person or organization.
Assessment Performance Level An entity that includes information about the performance levels that may be assigned to an Assessment Result and specifications for selecting the performance level based on a score. Four styles are supported:
  1. Specification of performance level by lower and upper cut score
  2. Specification of performance level by lower cut score only
  3. Specification of performance level without any mapping to scores
  4. Specification of performance level by mapping to other scores

Performance levels are repeatable. A list of all the possible performance levels for an Assessment Result are derived from the relationship between Assessment Subtest and Assessment Performance Level. The performance levels that have been met for a specific Assessment Result are derived from the relationship between Assessment Result and Assessment Performance Level.
Learner Action An entity with information about learning experiences, including actions taken by or on behalf of a learner.
Learner Activity An entity with information about a learning activity that may be assigned to a learner, for example a homework assignment.
Rubric An entity with information that represents the set of criteria for measuring or scoring a task or work product for digital representation of holistic and analytic rubrics.

Credentials

The CEDS domain that includes entities and elements that define attributes of a qualification, achievement, personal or organizational quality, or aspect of an identity typically used to indicate suitability.


Entity Description
Credential A qualification, achievement, personal or organizational quality, or aspect of an identity typically used to indicate suitability.
Credential Award Representation of a credential awarded to a person. Also known as a “credential assertion”.
Credential Creator Organization that plays one or more key roles in the lifecycle of a credential.

Competencies

The CEDS domain that includes entities and elements that define learner competencies established in learning standards documents or competency frameworks that may exist within the structure of a taxonomy or competency-based pathways.


Entity Description
Competency Framework A collection of items, typically arranged in a hierarchical structure or classification scheme, reflecting expectations of learner competencies within a single subject area covering one or more levels. Examples include the Head Start Child Outcomes Framework, the Common Core State Standards for Mathematics, the Degree Qualification Profile, and the Accountability Criteria for National Health Care Cluster Foundation Standards.
Competency Item Content that describes either a specific competency (a learning objective) or a grouping of competencies within the taxonomy of a Competency Framework.

Note: Use the Competency Item Type element to indicate the level of grouping in a hierarchy (e.g., “Subject,” “Strand,” or “Competency”). A competency may have child items of type “Indicator” used to describe how that competency may be assessed. Items may be associated with other entities, such as Assessment Items or Rubrics, using “Competency Association.”
Competency Association The relation of competency items to other competency items to support competency maps or to relate competency items to other objects such as learning resources.
Competency Set An entity that supports the definition of a set of competencies that represent completion or partial completion of a unit, course, program, degree, certification, or other achievement/award, including information that specifies whether completion requires achievement of all items in the set or some number of items.

Implementation Variables

Information used for implementing data systems and processes, such as variables to track the date that a report was produced.


Entity Description
Report An entity with information about a report, such as the date the report was generated or the date the report was submitted to an authority.

Learning Resources

Information about materials that support teaching and learning.


Entity Description
Learning Resource The content, materials, or informational resources that support learning.
Peer Rating A person’s rating of a Learning Resource.
Peer Rating System A system by which a person can rate a Learning Resource.

Facilities

The CEDS domain that includes entities and elements related to a building or buildings located on a single site.


Entity Description
Campus The buildings or buildings located on a site that are under the control of a single entity.
Facility The building or buildings located on a single site.

Authentication and Authorization

Information used by an application or service that authenticates the identity of a person or authorizes a person’s access to information or services.


Entity Description
Authentication An application or service that can authenticate the identity of a person. The CEDS entity that includes information about an authentication provider, the login identifier used to authenticate a person's identity, and other information related to authentication of a person’s identity.
Authorization Information about a data system or application that an authenticated person may access.


Common Education Data Standards